Exploring affect, identity, and populism in and around Todd Phillips’ Joker

Contenido principal del artículo

Nihar Sreepada
Gabriel Domínguez Partida

Resumen

Cultural identity has become a fluid concept in which several positionalities converge; most of them are influenced greatly by popular culture, causing a constant individual negotiation between their real lives and the image on the screen. In 2019, Todd Phillips’s Joker achieved worldwide success not only at the box ofce but also in critical appraisal. Unlike previous representations of this villain as a disruptive social persona, Joker showed the main character as a political fgure that gives agency and voice to the people who are socially repressed. The impact of this representation transcended Anglo cultures to the extent of symbolizing a populist uprising and a growing antigovernment sentiment. Nevertheless, this fgure’s appropriation brings twoproblematic ideological standpoints to the goal these groups aim: violence as the only alternative to restoring equality in society and color blindness that silences the struggles that cultures face depending on their context.

Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Sreepada, N. ., & Domínguez Partida, G. . (2022). Exploring affect, identity, and populism in and around Todd Phillips’ Joker. Revista Panamericana De Comunicación, 4(2), 177–193. https://doi.org/10.21555/revistapanamericanadecomunicacin.v4i2.2713
Sección
Miscelánea
Biografía del autor/a

Nihar Sreepada, Misssouri State University, USA

Is an Assistant Professor at Missouri State University. As a scholar, Sreepada studies manifestations of nationalism and populism across various contexts, such as terrorist attacks, political unrest, flm, and political speech, through theories and perspectives of nationalism, religion, and identity. He currently teaches Public Relations courses in the Communication department at the Judith Enyeart Reynolds College of Arts and Letters, Missouri State University

Gabriel Domínguez Partida , Universidad Panamericana, Campus Guadalajara, Escuela de Comunicación

is a Professor and Assistant Dean of Audiovisual Production and Communication at Universidad Panamericana, Guadalajara. His area of study focuses on how media representations available by the media impact the formation of cultural identity. He has presented his research projects at different National and International Conferences, in addition to publishing articles and book chapters about Mexican TV series and movies. In addition, he is a certifed screenwriter by UCLA.

Referencias

» El Joker, el nuevo símbolo de las protestas sociales [The Joker, the new symbol of social demonstrations]. (October 29, 2019). El Diario. En https://www.eldiario.net/

» Adorno, T., & Horkheimer, M. (2007). The culture industry: Enlightenment as mass deception. Stardom and celebrity: A reader, 34

» Ahmed, A., & Simmons, Z. (2013). Pseudobulbar affect: prevalence and management. Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, 9, 483.

» Alter, R. (2019, October 02). Don’t Get It Twisted: The Ultimate Guide to the Joker’s Origin Stories. Retrieved from https://www.vulture.com/2019/10/jokers-backstory-a-guide-to-the-jokers-origin-stories.html

» Araújo, M. P. N., & Santos, M. S. D. (2009). History, memory and forgetting: Political implications. RCCS Annual Review. A selection from the Portuguese journal Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais, (1).

» Bonilla-Silva, E. (2006). Racism without racists: Colorblind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in the United States. Guilford, CT, USA, Rowman & Littlefeld Publishers.

» Bonilla-Silva, E. (2015). The structure of racism in colorblind, “post-racial” America. AQUI AQUI AQUI

» Bonilla-Silva, E., & Ashe, A. (2014). The end of racism? Colorblind racism and popular media. The colorblind screen: Television in

post-racial America, 57.

» Bordoloi, M. (2012). Re-packaging Disaster Post 9/11 and Christopher Nolan’s: The Dark Knight Trilogy. Journal of Creative Communications, 7(1-2), pp. 87-100.

» Cisneros, J. D., & Nakayama, T. K. (2015). New media, old racisms: Twitter, Miss America, and cultural logics of race. Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, 8(2), pp. 108-127.

» Clarke, L. (2019, November 02). Why Joker masks are the perfect political protest symbol. Retrieved from https://www.wired.co.uk/article/joker-masks-protests

» Collins, R. M. (2006). Transforming America: Politics and culture during the Reagan years. Columbia University Press. AQUI AQUI AQUI

» Devega, C. (2019). “Joker”: A harsh indictment of neoliberalism and gangster capitalism. Retrieved from https://www.salon.com/2019/10/09/joker-todd-phillips-indictment-neoliberalism-violence/

» Edelstein, D. (September 11, 2019). “The Resentment of Joker.” Vulture. Retrieved from https://www.vulture.com/

» Encyclopedia. (2020, July 07). Retrieved from https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/culture-magazines/1980s-lifestyles-and-social-trends-topics- AQUI AQUI AQUI news#CONSUMERISM_THE_NEW_GREAT_AMERICAN_PASTIME

» Faludi, Sarah (2007). The Terror Dream: Fear and Fantasy in Post-9/11 America. Excerpts. AQUI AQUI AQUI

» Ferber, A. L. (2012). The culture of privilege: Color-blindness, postfeminism, and christonormativity. Journal of Social Issues, 68(1), pp. 63-77.

» Flakin, N. (2019). Joker: The Despair of Capitalism and the Hope of Riots. Retrieved from https://www.leftvoice.org/joker-the-despair-of-capitalism-and-the-hope-of-riots

» Flood, M. (October 8, 2019). Joker makes for uncomfortable viewing – it shows how society creates extremists. The conversation. Retrieved from https://theconversation.com/

» Flores, L. A., Moon, D. G., & Nakayama, T. K. (2006). Dynamic rhetorics of race: California’s racial privacy initiative and the shifting grounds of racial politics. Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies, 3(3), pp. 181-201.

» History. (2018, August 23). The 1980s. Retrieved from https://www.history.com/topics/1980s/1980s

» Holoien, D. S., & Shelton, J. N. (2012). You deplete me: The cognitive costs of colorblindness on ethnic minorities. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48(2), pp. 562-565.

» July, B. (October 11, 2019). In Joker, black women are visible, but they are not seen. Time Magazine. Retrieved from https://time.com/ A UI AQ UI AQUI

» Kaur, H. (2019, November 03). In protests around the world, one image stands out: The Joker. Retrieved from https://www.cnn.

com/2019/11/03/world/joker-global-protests-trnd/index.html

» Koller, V., & Heritage, F. (2020). Incels, in-groups, and ideologies: The representation of gendered social actors in a sexuality-based online community. Journal of Language and Sexuality, 9(2), pp. 152-178.

» Krivo, L. J., Peterson, R. D., Rizzo, H., & Reynolds, J. R. (1998). Race, segregation, and the concentration of disadvantage: 1980–1990. Social Problems, 45(1), pp. 61-80.

» Molina, F. (October 16, 2019). Joker: Nihilismo superfcial [Joker: superfcial nihilism]. La Razón.En https://www.la-razon.com/

» Munizaga, R. (2019). Un Joker para millennials [A Joker for millenials].” La Tercera. En https://www.latercera.com/

» Nacos, B. (2016). Mass-mediated terrorism: Mainstream and digital media in terrorism and counterterrorism. Guilford, CT USA, Rowman & Littlefeld.

» Newland, C. (September 2, 2019). Incel’ violence is horrific, but Joker is complex, and doesn’t take sides. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/

» Ocaña, J. (October 7, 2019). Tiempos de indecencia [Times of indecency]. El País. En https://elpais.com/

» Phillips, M. (October 2, 2019). Joker’ review: Joaquin Phoenix creates an interior world of pain. His movie is a pain, period. Chicago Tribune. En https://www.chicagotribune.com/

» Plaut, V. C., Thomas, K. M., Hurd, K., & Romano, C. A. (2018). Do color blindness and multiculturalism remedy or foster discrimination and racism?. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 27(3), pp. 200-206.

» Roberts, S. (July 15, 1992). Shifts in 80’s failed to ease segregation. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com

» Schultze, Q. J., Anker, R. M., Schultze, Q., Bratt, J. D., Zuidervaart L., & Worst, J. (1991). Dancing in the dark: Youth, popular culture, and the electronic media. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. AQUI AQUI AQUI AQUI

» Sharf, Z. (2019, October 28). The Face of Joaquin Phoenix’s Joker Is Turning Up at Government Protests Around the World. Retrieved from https://www.indiewire.com/2019/10/joker-government-protests-lebanon-hong-kong-1202185602/

» Sharf, Z. (September 20, 2019). Joker set in the past because of Todd Phillips wants nothing to do with the DCEU. Indiewire. Retrieved from https://www.indiewire.com/

» Smith, J. (2013). Between colorblind and colorconscious: Contemporary Hollywood flms and struggles over racial representation. Journal of Black Studies, 44(8), pp. 779-797.

» Szalavitz, M. (2017, July 5). Why do we think poor people are poor because of their own bad choices?. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jul/05/us-inequality-poor-people-bad-choices-wealthy-bias

» Uetricht, M. (2019). Joker isn’t an ode to the far right – it’s a warning against austerity. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/oct/10/joker-far-right-warning-austerity.

» Wayne, M. L. (2017). Depicting the racist past in a “post-racial” age: the white, male protagonist in Hell on Wheels and The Knick.Alphaville: Journal of Film and Screen Media, (13), pp. 105-116.

» Weiner, R. G. & Peaslee, R. M. (2015). Introduction. In R. M. Peaslee & R. G. Weiner (Eds.), The Joker: A serious study of the clown

prince of crime. University Press of Mississippi, Mississippi, MO, pp. 14-30. AQUI AQUI

» Wellman, R. (n.d.). What caused consumerism in the 1980s in the US and what was its impact?. Retrieved from https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-caused-consumerism-us-whatwas-its-impact-1265264

» Whiteley, N. (1987). Toward a throw-away culture. Consumerism,’style obsolescence and cultural theory in the 1950s and 1960s. Oxford Art Journal, 10(2), pp. 3-27.

» Zacharek, S. (August 31, 2019). Joker Wants to Be a Movie About the Emptiness of Our Culture. Instead, It’s a Prime Example of It. Time. Retrieved from https://time.com/

Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a