Núm. 60 (2021): Enero - junio
Filosofía en el espacio público

Más allá de la aplicación. El caso de la ética ambiental

Luca Valera
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Santiago de Chile
Semblanza
Gabriel Vidal
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Semblanza
Yuliana Leal
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Semblanza
Enviado noviembre 17, 2018
Aceptado marzo 19, 2019
Publicado octubre 27, 2020
Cómo citar
Valera, L., Vidal, G., & Leal, Y. (2020). Más allá de la aplicación. El caso de la ética ambiental. Tópicos, Revista De Filosofía, (60), 437-460. https://doi.org/10.21555/top.v0i60.1122

Resumen

La ética ambiental es usualmente vista como una rama de la ética aplicada cuya tarea es ofrecer soluciones a los dilemas éticos emergentes en el contexto de la ecología. En este artículo cuestionamos esta suposición mostrando cómo el objeto de la ética ambiental suscita preguntas y cuestiones que van más allá de las consideraciones de la ética aplicada. Exploramos cómo las cuestiones ambientales reanudan la necesidad de preguntarse por el estatuto ontológico de la Naturaleza y el lugar de los seres humanos en ella, suscitando así preguntas más generales y de amplio alcance que no quedan atrapadas en la mera aplicación. Respecto a esto, el sentido ontológico del “habitar” aparece en el fondo de estas preguntas, estableciendo un puente entre lo ontológico y lo práctico. Finalmente, revisamos los paradigmas clásicos de la ética ambiental, destacando aquellos elementos que van más allá de las éticas aplicadas. Así, considerando los diferentes paradigmas éticos ambientales, tenemos dos opciones: reducir el alcance de la disciplina y excluir los modelos que la exceden, o bien, reconsiderar la disciplina como una filosofía ambiental tout court.

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