Núm. 58 (2020)
Artículos

Sobre la ontología de la química cuántica

Juan Camilo Martínez González
Universidad de Buenos aires Consejo nacional de investigaciones científicas y técnicas (CONICET)
Enviado abril 3, 2018
Aceptado junio 20, 2018
Publicado diciembre 13, 2019
Palabras clave
  • mecánica cuántica,
  • indistinguibilidad,
  • no separabilidad,
  • contextualidad,
  • química cuántica
Cómo citar
Martínez González, J. C. (2019). Sobre la ontología de la química cuántica. Tópicos, Revista De Filosofía, (58), 325-346. https://doi.org/10.21555/top.v0i58.1045

Resumen

Química cuántica es la rama de la química que se ocupa principalmente de la aplicación de la mecánica cuántica a los sistemas químicos a un nivel molecular. Gracias a su peculiar posición entre la química y la física, ha comenzado a ser una disciplina de interés para los filósofos de la química. Sin embargo, en el ámbito filosófico, la química cuántica se ha estudiado principalmente, desde una perspectiva histórica o desde cuestiones metodológicas. En contraste, la pregunta que guía este artículo es: ¿qué clase de entidades son estudiadas por la química cuántica? Para desarrollar mi argumento, discutiré, en primer lugar, la importancia de las preguntas ontológicas. Después, consideraré en qué medida la aproximación Born-Oppenheimer y el concepto de electrón de la química cuántica se ajustan al contexto teórico cuántico. Finalmente, discutiré algunas cuestiones acerca de a qué se refiere la química cuántica.

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