Número 45 - 2013
Artículos

Is rawless theory of justice exclusively forward-looking? On the Importance of Rectifying Past Political Violence

Moisés Vaca
CONICET- IdIHCS, UNLP

Publicado 2013-12-17

Cómo citar

Vaca, M. (2013). Is rawless theory of justice exclusively forward-looking? On the Importance of Rectifying Past Political Violence. Tópicos, 45(1), 299–330. https://doi.org/10.21555/top.v45i1.616

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Resumen

En este trabajo respondo una objeción a la tesis de que la teoría de Rawls debe atender problemas relacionados a la injusticia histórica. Esta objeción sostiene que dicha teoría está justificada en no considerar problemas de injusticia histórica debido a su supuesto carácter exclusivamente prospectivo. La objeción tiene dos presentaciones diferentes. Primero, como la idea de que hay razones internas a la propia teoría de Rawls que justifican dicho carácter exclusivamente prospectivo —tales como el problema de elección modelado en la posición original y el hecho de que la justicia-como-equidad debe ser una concepción de justicia no-comprehensiva. Segundo, como la idea de que hay razones externas a la teoría de Rawls —en concreto, la supuesta existencia del así llamado problema de la no-identidad, que justifican el carácter exclusivamente prospectivo no sólo de los principios de justicia rawlsianos sino de cualquier otra concepción de justicia distributiva. Trataré de mostrar que esta objeción, tanto en su presentación interna como externa, es equivocada.

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